Most Wiccans call themselves Pagans, though the umbrella term
Paganism encompasses many faiths that have nothing to do with Wicca or
witchcraft. Wicca is commonly described as a Neopagan faith though Isaac
Bonewits, the influential Neo-druid has claimed that early Wicca (at a time when it was still called "Witchcraft") was in fact a Mesopagan path. Since there is no centralised organisation in Wicca, and no single orthodoxy, the beliefs and practices of Wiccans can vary substantially, both among individuals and among traditions. Typically, the main religious principles, ethics, and ritual structures are shared, since they are key elements of traditional teachings and published works on the subject.
As practised by initiates in the lineage of Gerald Gardner, Wicca is a variety of witchcraft founded on religious and magical concepts. As such it is
distinguished not only by its beliefs, but by its practice of magic, its ethical
philosophy, initiatory system, organisational structure and secrecy. Some of
these beliefs and practices have also been adopted by others outside of this
lineage, often termed Eclectic Wiccans, who generally discard the institutions of initiation, secrecy and hierarchy, and have more widely varying beliefs.
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Major Religions & Spiritual Beliefs, Wicca Religion, Witchcraft, Wiccan History WICCA Wiccan Religion History. Witchcraft, Magick, Spells and Rituals