Traditionally in Wicca, the Goddess is seen as the Triple Goddess, meaning that she is the maiden, the mother and the crone. The mother aspect, the Mother Goddess, is perhaps the most important of these, and it was her that Gerald Gardner and Margaret Murray claimed was the ancient Goddess of the witches.
Goddesses who embody the triple aspect within themselves include: Carmenta, the Morrigan, Hekate, Brigid, Kali, Helice
Number: 3 - all multiples of 3 Colour: red - dark blue - white
Plant: Apple - beth root - Scotch broom - clover - fenugreek - Christmas heather - iris - melilot - black mulberry - oak tree - shamrock - trefoil - lemon verbena
Animal: Crane - hyrax - wolf
THE TRIPLE GODDESS
The Triple Goddess mirrors the three stages of women's lives: Maiden, Mother, Crone. Women change with the natural cycles of their bodies, as symbolised by the phases of the moon. The Triple Goddess is a group of three goddesses who embody this concept.
MAIDEN: Waxing Moon
MOTHER: Full Moon
CRONE: Waning Moon
Maiden represents youth, the springtime of life when all is in bloom. Maiden is both nymph and Death-in-Life. She is innocent in some ways, but also a seductress who recognises the power of her sexuality. Maiden goddesses are often associated with flowers.
Time: Dawn, the past
Invoke Maiden Goddesses for: Sex magic, love spells, youthful energy, beauty, beginnings.
MAIDENS include: Nimue, Kore, Persephone, Gerd, Caer, Blodeuwedd, Anatha, Brigid Bhoidheach
Mother is ripe, full-breasted, at the peak of her womanly powers. She rears children and nurtures others. Mother is Life. She is the Madonna who tenderly rocks her baby, but she is also the lioness who hunts to feed her cubs and will fight to the death to protect them. Mother Goddesses are often associated with grain.
Time: Noon, Twilight, the present
Invoke Mother Goddesses for: Fertility, maturity, nurture, comfort, relationships, family matters, peak power, mentoring
MOTHERS include: Isis, Aa, Demeter, Ishtar, Ceres, Ambika, Danu, Anahita, Asherah, Sheng-Mu, Coatlicue, Hathor, Lakshmi, Nintu, Luonnotar
Crone is the benevolent grandmother you can count on for sage advice but she is also the Dark Goddess, a hag who is sometimes frightening. Crone is the Reaper and Life-in-Death. In many ways she is even more powerful than Mother. There are no secrets from Crone, who is old age, experience, accumulated wisdom and death. Crone goddesses are often associated with mills and cemeteries.
Season : Autumn, Winter
Time: Midnight, the future
Invoke Crone Goddesses for: Wisdom, experience, banishing, binding, endings, hidden knowledge
CRONES include: Annis, Oya, Skuld, Baba Yaga, Cailleach, Greine, Hel, Sedna, Toci, Maman Brigitte, Takotsi
The Triple Goddess is a powerful invocation for a spell or ritual because you are invoking all these aspects and powers when you invoke Her.